The creation of the new city
In 1965, the government decided to create 5 new towns around Paris to avoid the urban concentration of Paris and its suburbs and to foster multi-centred urban development. The teams of Paul Delouvrier, General Delegate to the District of the Paris Region, opened up the development of Sénart, Evry, Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines, Cergy-Pontoise and Marne-la-Vallée.
The last one, located East of Paris, spreads over 3 Departments and 27 Municipalities (over 17,000 hectares) and is divided into 4 sectors. The towns of Champs-sur-Marne, Croissy-Beaubourg, Émerainville, Noisiel, Lognes and Torcy make up sector 2 of Marne-la-Vallée, called Val Maubuée. Today it forms part of the Greater Urban Area of Paris - Vallée de la Marne.
From 1972 onwards, the design of Val Maubuée was entrusted to a group of city planners under the direction of Michel Macary. Young architects who are today world-renowned participated in this fantastic adventure: Christian de Portzamparc, Antoine Grumbach, Roland Castro, Jean Nouvel, Francis Soler, Bernard de la Tour d'Auvergne, Alain Sarfati... Through their accomplishments, Val Maubuée became a real laboratory of French architecture at the end of the 20th century.